The Start Agreements Apex, also known as the Apex Start Agreements, was a series of agreements signed between the United States and the Soviet Union in the early 1990s. The main purpose of these agreements was to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in both countries and to enhance transparency in their respective nuclear arsenals.
The Start Agreements Apex consisted of two separate agreements: START I and START II. START I was signed in July 1991 and entered into force in December 1994. Its main objective was to reduce the number of strategic nuclear warheads in each country to no more than 6,000 and the number of delivery systems to no more than 1,600 by the year 2001.
START II, on the other hand, was signed in January 1993 but was never fully implemented. Its main goal was to further reduce the number of strategic nuclear warheads to between 3,000 and 3,500 and eliminate multiple independently targeted reentry vehicles (MIRVs), which are warheads that can be directed at different targets during a single missile launch.
The Start Agreements Apex was significant in the sense that it marked the first time that the United States and the Soviet Union had agreed to reduce their nuclear arsenals. It was also the first time that they had agreed to allow each other to conduct on-site inspections of their nuclear weapons facilities to ensure compliance with the agreements.
The purpose of the Start Agreements Apex was to create a more stable and peaceful world by reducing the risk of nuclear war. By reducing the number of nuclear weapons and increasing transparency, both the United States and the Soviet Union hoped to build trust and confidence between each other, which in turn would help to reduce tensions in their relationship and prevent the possibility of accidental nuclear war.
In conclusion, the Start Agreements Apex was an important milestone in the history of arms control and international relations. Its purpose was to reduce the number of nuclear weapons in the United States and the Soviet Union and enhance transparency, which would ultimately reduce the risk of a catastrophic nuclear war. Although START II was never fully implemented, the agreements laid the foundation for future arms control agreements and helped to create a more stable and peaceful world.